Six Page Paper

Write six (and only six) pages on one of the following essay topics. 
Papers should be double-spaced with one inch margins, headers, and footers in 
12pt type. 
As a general rule, approximately four pages should be careful and 
sympathetic exposition of the relevant positions or arguments. Approximately two 
pages, at least, should reflect your critical or reflective engagement with the 
relevant positions or arguments. Exposition and critical engagement can be 
intermingled. But, as a rule, first write four pages of exposition. Then write at 
least two pages of critical discussion. Do not neglect either task; doing both well 
is essential for the assignment. 
Use helpful examples and apt quotations. Carefully organize the flow of 
ideas. Above all, strive for clarity.
1. Immediately after Socrates’ leaky jar analogy, Socrates and Callicles disagree
over what makes a person’s life good. Present at least two of Socrates’ 
arguments against Callicles’ position, being sure to carefully formulate them and 
situate your reconstruction with reference to the text. Give reasons why you think 
each argument does or does not succeed. Pose and answer potential 
objections.
2. Using an example, explain why Ryle believes there is a fundamental difference 
between “knowing how” and “knowing that.” Explain Plato’s view that moral 
knowledge is knowledge that. Explain Aristotle’s view that moral knowledge is 
instead a matter of know how. Give reasons for either Plato’s or Aristotle’s view, 
considering objections and offering replies.
3. Plato and Aristotle accept what Parfit calls an “objective list” view of the good 
life for a person. Explain that position and explain how both experientialism and 
desire-based theories differ from it and from each other in view of Parfit’s and 
Nozick’s discussions. Make a case using one or more examples for one of the 
views in view of problems you develop for the others.